My personal view of integral life

The 3-2-1 shadow process

Anyone who has committed to or even dabbled with a spiritual practice knows that practice rarely changes our experience of our family during the holidays. No matter how deeply we practice, we still go home for Christmas and act in automatic and unconscious ways. Why is that? Well, there are a number of reasons. The main reasons may be that transformation is slow and hard won and the fact that many spiritual practices do not facilitate an awareness or re-integration of the shadow.  The shadow is created when we split off or dissociate from an aspect of our personality that we find threatening. Although presumably “hidden,” this disowned shadow shows up all over the place. In fact, what we hide from ourselves is obvious to everyone around us. Most people can see our shadow… plain as day; we are the only ones who find it difficult to see ourselves.

I just got into this process through Integral Life Practice. In my opinion this is the most effective way to communicate with your subconscious mind and bring forth all the shadow material we have inside our minds. Attaching this to Integral Meditation works even better!

To Practice The 3-2-1 Process

1. Choose an experience in your life that you want to work with. It’s often easier to begin with a person with whom you have difficulty (e.g., lover, relative, boss). This person may irritate, disturb, annoy, or upset you. Or maybe you feel attracted to, obsessed with, infatuated with, or possessive about this person. In any case, choose someone with whom you have a strong emotional charge, whether positive or negative.

2. Face It : Now, imagine this person. Describe those qualities that most upset you, or the characteristics that you are most attracted to using 3rd-person language (he, she, it). Talk about them out loud or write it down in a journal. Take this opportunity to “let it out.” Don’t try to be skillful or say the right thing. There is no need to sugar-coat your description. The person you are describing will never see this.

3. Talk to It: Begin an imaginary dialogue with this person. Speak in 2nd person to this person (using “you” language). Talk directly to this person as if he or she were actually there in the room with you. Tell them what bothers you about them. Ask them questions such as “Why are you doing this to me?” “What do you want from me?” “What are you trying to show me?” “What do you have to teach me?” Imagine their response to these questions. Speak that imaginary response out loud. Record the conversation in your journal if you like.

4. Be It: Become this person. Take on the qualities that either annoy or fascinate you. Embody the traits you described in “Face It.” Use 1st-person language ( I, me, mine). This may feel awkward, and it should. The traits you are taking on are the exact traits that you have been denying in yourself. Use statements such as “I am angry,” “I am jealous,” “I am radiant.” Fill in the blank with whatever qualities you are working with: “I am__________.”

5. To complete the process, notice these disowned qualities in yourself. Experience the part of you that is this very trait. Avoid making the process abstract or conceptual: just BE it. Now you can re-own and integrate this trait in yourself.

Practice Genealogy

The 3-2-1 process is a simple and effective tool for working with the shadow. It was developed by Ken Wilber and his associates at Integral Institute, and is a recommended practice in the Integral Life Practice Starter Kit. This practice is designed to provide a quick, easy, and effective method to work with our disowned selves. There are numerous techniques to deal with the shadow, but most require the assistance of a professional therapist. The 3-2-1 Process can be used by anyone anywhere at any time, and at no cost.

The 3-2-1 Process helps you uncover your shadow and integrate unconscious thoughts and emotions, so you can become more healthy and whole. It takes an extraordinary amount of energy to keep aspects of ourselves hidden in shadow. The energy it takes to repress or deny aspects of ourselves could potentially be employed in other ways; perhaps even a developmental transformation. When we shine a light on our shadow and work to integrate disowned aspects of ourselves, we liberate the energy we were using to hide from ourselves, and more energy is never a bad thing.

This process uses shifts in perspectives as a way of identifying and integrating shadow material. 3-2-1 refers to 3rd person, 2nd person, and 1st person perspectives. When an aspect of the self poses a threat, the self seeks to distance itself from that threat. As a result, the self concludes, “That is not me. That is someone else.” The self exports that trait that threatens it onto someone else. We can disown both lower and higher aspects of ourselves. In either case, we project it as “You.” You are angry. You are being selfish. You are worthy. In other words, we displace it from a 1st – person “I” to a 2nd- person “You.”

If the threat of this emotion or situation becomes so great that it requires a total rejection, we push it away into a 3rd- person “It.” At that point, the shadow arises as a sense of irritation, reactivity, fear, or aversion toward things, but we usually do not understand why we feel this way.

And meditation alone won’t fix this, most forms of meditation won’t even help; in fact, they may make things worse. Meditation suggests dis-identification from experience (“You are not your thoughts. etc.”). But to integrate the shadow, we need to RE-identify with disowned dimensions of our experience and ourselves. We can only truly let go of something that we have first owned. Healthy disidentification is only possible once we have re-owned, re-associated, and re-identified with the disowned parts of ourselves. For this reason, there is no substitute for shadow work.

The 3-2-1 Process can be used in various ways. For beginners, try it out once a week for roughly 30 minutes and work with the biggest issue of your week. For more advanced practitioners, begin applying the 3-2-1 Process to dreams and issues of your daily life.

You can also opt to use the “empty chair” rather than a journal. Just replace the journal with an actual chair in the exercise outlined above. Place this chair across from you, and imagine the person you have chosen to work with sitting in it. In “Face It” (3), simply describe the qualities of this person that provoke you. Talk about them in front of them. In “Talk to It” (2), dialogue with this person. When it is their turn to respond, sit in the other chair and respond as that person. Go back and forth between chairs until the dialogue is over. In “Be It” (1), sit as the other and be the person that triggers you. Embody the qualities that irritate or fascinate you and speak as this person using “I” statements: “I am ________.”


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Categorised in: Integral, Psychology, Science

9 Responses »

  1. Sounds like a working plan(also brings to mind the principles used in recapitulation/Tensegrity).

    To avoid getting more hangups it’s a good idea to look at the mechanisms how they were born.

    In my experience, this might be one:

    When it comes to family, or even friends one cause of conflict is believing that these people are somehow different than other people; expecting something rather than just looking and seeing.

    With parents, the fact is that many times there just isn’t that much in common because of many factors like the age gap. You’d never expect to feel at ease or very intimate with another person that’s 20 to 40 years older than you and has totally different interests. With your parents, you do, act on it and get disappointed when it fails.

    Other people, friends and passers by alike, also have their own interests and motivators that cause them to do whatever they happened to do. That’s not a problem, a problem arises if you at the same time happened to have an expectation for them to do something else. This might stem from a belief that after they’ve known you for sometime they could read your mind, or anticipate how you’re going to react to something and make it a priority in their choices in life:)

  2. Kolmekaksykkönen on (ainakin toistaiseksi) ehdottomasti arvokkainta ja konkreettisinta mitä mä olen integralilta saanut: olen soveltanut jo useasti käytäntöön ja solmut on jossei auenneet niin ainakin hiukan löystyneet… Ja oon esitellyt metodin myös äidille ja parhaalle ystävälle, tästä saa mielenkiintoisia keskusteluita. Se integralin opetus”luento” jonka aiheesta olen nähnyt on erinomainen ja vois hyvin kuvitella, että sellaisia workshoppeja kannattaisi pitää.

    Parhaassa tapauksessa prosessista voi keskustella sen kohteen kanssa, jos siis on kyseessä henkilö, joka jos mikä on ainakin muutos 😀

    Ja kolmekaksykkönen on sellainen, ettei saa takajaloilleen ihmisiä jotka eivät olisi lähtökohtaisesti meditaatiosta tms. edes kiinnostuneita, luulen. Se on looginen. Ja siinä pääsee nimenomaan alkulähteille.

  3. 321 on varmastikin “helpoiten” lähestyttävä, jos ei vielä ole spirituaalista oivallusta tai hahmottamista. Mun mielestä kuten Meri sanoitkin, tätä voi käyttää kuka tahansa missä vaan milloin vaan 🙂

    Itse mm. juttelin tästä viime vkl:na faijan kanssa, jonka osalta olin tätä testannut 😀

  4. Hei, Olli! Huomattavat sivut! Linkitin tämän artikkelin omille sivuilleni.

    Voi hyvin,



    PS. Wilberin No Boundary ilmestyi tällä viikolla suomeksi. Lisäinfoa muun muassa täältä:

    • Terve JP! Kiitos kommentistasi sekä linkityksestä. Luen kaikki Wilberin teokset mieluiten alkuperäiskielellä, mutta erittäin hienoa että näitä tulee myös suomeksi ulos! Täten mahdollisuus saavuttaa useampi suomalaislukija on huomattavasti suurempi.

  5. Great explanation, thank you. Still as valid, 7yrs later!


  1. Shadow Integration: The Complete Shadow Work Process in Four Steps | Words from the Wind

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